George Grosz as “Dada Death” in Berlin, 1918 (MOMA, New York).
J. M. Bernstein writes:
The responsibility of the modern artist is still to unify belief and emotion; only now the disastrous event, the objective pathos, is not a remote possibility, but has already occurred. What needs to be made visible now, brought to expression, is the violence that has already been done to the subject, that has already murdered the autonomous subject and left in her place the walking dead, the zombie, the monster. The monstrous here has a narrow and precise signification: it represents the dead in the apparently living, the living in what is deathly, the gross vitality of what is apparently dead, the boundary between the living and the dead as becoming indeterminate.